CAARS2 CONNERS ADULT ADHD RATING SCALES 2nd EDITION
This new edition provides updated, expanded, and reconceptualized scales and new scales to cover core symptoms of ADHD and its associated clinical concerns in adults 18 years and older.
- Dr. Keith Conners, Dr. Drew Erhardt and Dr. Elizabeth P. Sparrow
UPDATED AND EXPANDED NORMS
New normative data were derived from a large sample selected to be representative of the North American population based on the 2018 U.S. census and the 2016 Canadian census proportion (balanced equally by age and stratified by gender, race/ethnicity, education level, and geographic region). An ADHD Reference Sample has been added to allow examiners to compare scores to those produced by others already diagnosed with ADHD.
EXTENDED UPPER AGE RANGE
The oldest normative sample age group in the original CAARS was 50 years and older. The CAARS 2 Normative Sample includes stratified samples for seven age groups, with an upward expansion to include 50–59, 60–69, and 70+ years to ensure precision when assessing older adults.
INCREASED FAIRNESS AND INCLUSIVITY
Increased fairness and inclusivity with gender inclusive language, culturally sensitive items, and items and scales that show no evidence of measurement bias with respect to gender, race / ethnicity, country of residence or education level.
SPANISH AND FRENCH VERSIONS
In addition to English, the CAARS 2 forms are available in Spanish (North America) and French (Canada). These versions are linguistically and culturally sensitive adap0tations of the English forms.
- A new, comprehensive Response Style Analysis section has been added to improve the ability to detect problematic response styles, including enhanced validity scales to capture invalid responding.
- There is the addition of research–based item level indicators to screen for issues that may require clinical follow–up )suicidality, self–harm, anxiety, depression).
- In addition to retaining the best–preforming items from the original CAARS, dozens of new rationally derived and empirically evaluated items were added to the Content Scales, and the scale structure has been updated.
- The DSM Symptom Scales have been updated and aligned with current DSM symptom criteria.
- The updated CAARS 2–ADHD Index, derived from advanced statistical techniques, aims to optimize its accuracy in discriminating between individuals with and without ADHD.
- Items were also created to assess impairment and functional outcomes typically experienced by individuals with ADHD symptoms.
MULTIPLER REFERENCE SAMPLES
Examiners can now select reference samples from the General Population or individuals with ADHD. Both reference samples include the option to compare against a Combined Gender group, a Gender Specific–Males group, and a Gender Specific–Females group. The report allows a convenient side–by–side comparison of rater scores with multiple groups.
INCREASED ALIGNMENT WITH CONNERS 4TH EDITION (CONNERS 4)
The CAARS 2 and Conners 4 (a measure of symptoms of and impairment associated with ADHD, along with common co–occurring problems and disorders for youth aged 6 to 18 years) were designed to be aligned and comparable to one another to facilitate a lifespan approach to ADHD assessment/monitoring and to simplify the integration of information as adolescents transition into adulthood.
FLEXIBLE AND SIMPLIFIED PURCHASE OPTIONS
Each CAARS 2 purchase on the MHS Online Assessment Center+ (MAC+) can be used to generate reports for any of the CAARS 2 forms (Self–Report or Observer forms of the full–length CAARS 2, CAARS 2–Short or CAARS2–ADHD Index) in any available language. This flexibility eliminates the need to monitor remaining balances for different forms. Reports can be generated multiple times at no additional charge. If you prefer paper administration, you can still print the assessment form. The responses can then be entered into the MHS Online Assessment Center+ for online scoring and report generation.
CAARS 2 Comparison with CAARS